By Robert F. Gorman, Edward S. Mihalkanin
Whereas the belief of human rights and humanitarian information has old roots―evidence should be obvious in such examples because the Ten Commandments, the Bhagavad Gita, and the lessons of Confucius and Socrates―it wasn't till the 1800s that the 1st glossy humanitarian and human rights companies got here to be. The nineteenth century observed the start of the abolitionist circulate, the forming of quite a few women's suffrage firms, the formation and consolidation of nationwide exertions unions, and the founding of the pink move. This was once via the inextricably intertwined tale of warfare, persecution, violence, and the expansion of human rights and humanitarian companies within the twentieth century. Bearing witness to a few of the main bad and blatant violations of human dignity, the 20 th century additionally beheld the 1st sustained worldwide efforts to advertise human rights on the foreign level.
The A to Z of Human Rights and Humanitarian Organizations follows significant advancements within the enviornment of human rights, together with the emergence of terrorism and overseas responses to it; the institution of a global felony court docket; the evolution of neighborhood human rights our bodies in Africa, Europe, and Latin the US; and the proliferation of recent non-governmental firms and foundations devoted to the advertising of human rights. this is often complete via a chronology, an advent, appendixes, photos, a bibliography, and enormous quantities of cross-referenced dictionary entries protecting the various key treaties, agreements, and definitions of human rights options; vital humanitarian corporations, even if deepest, governmental, nationwide, or foreign; and critical people and occasions. This sensible evaluation of the advances in safety of human rights and the foremost problems nonetheless dealing with them is a wonderful device for college kids, practitioners, and libraries.
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Extra info for The A to Z of Human Rights and Humanitarian Organizations (The A to Z Guide Series)
June: International Labour Organization (ILO) Medical Care and Sickness Benefits Convention is adopted. September: Organization of African Unity (OAU) Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa is adopted, incorporates a broader refugee definition. November: Inter-American Convention on Human Rights is adopted, enters into force in 1978. December: Declaration on Social Progress and Development is adopted. 1970 Lt. William L. Calley is court-martialed for My Lai massacre.
August: Resistance to new Laurent Kabila government in the Democratic Republic of the Congo intensifies as rebels capture Goma. September: Human rights violations and civil war in Kosovo provoke Security Council decision to demand a ceasefire, but conflict persists. International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda issues first judgment by an international court concerning punishment of the crime of genocide. December: United Nations Security Council expresses grave concern about violations of human rights in Afghanistan, authorizing the establishment of a civil affairs unit to promote respect for human rights.
United Nations Security Council authorizes the use of “all necessary means” to secure removal of the military government of Haiti. S. military supervision, which paves way for eventual transfer to United Nations Mission in Haiti. International Conference on Population and Development is held in Cairo, Egypt. United Nations General Assembly establishes United Nations Human Rights Verification Mission in Guatemala. October: Mozambique holds first successful democratic election. November: United Nations Trusteeship Council is terminated, having successfully overseen granting of independence to all 11 trust territories; UN Security Council establishes the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.