Operation Nordwind 1945: Hitler's last offensive in the West by Steven J. Zaloga

By Steven J. Zaloga

Operation Nordwind is without doubt one of the lesser recognized campaigns of global warfare II (1939-1945), yet one of many extra fascinating. mostly overshadowed through the conflict of the Bulge additional north, Nordwind was once the final nice operation by means of the Waffen-SS Panzer divisions within the west, and the final time the Wehrmacht was once at the offensive within the West. The crusade additionally highlights the problems of inter-Allied cooperation among the american citizens and the French. This crusade has been broadly taken care of in German and French money owed, yet isn't really good lined in English.

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Heeresgruppe Oberrhein had been reporting to Berlin that US forces were pulling out of the area north of Strasbourg; the area was considered a quiet section of the front and had been entrusted to a thin screen of the green troops of Task Force Linden under the direction of the 79th Division, with the French 3e Division d'Infanterie Algerienne moving to take control of the northern suburbs of Strasbourg on January 5. Himmler saw this as a chance to carry out the promised supporting mission for Operation Nordwind, and ordered AOK 19 in the Colmar Pocket to strike towards the south of Strasbourg in an operation codenamed Sonnenwende (Winter Solstice).

Volksgrenadier-Division, ran into the deep defenses of the 44th and 100th Infantry Divisions in the Saar Valley. A narrow penetration was made towards Rimling and Achen, but in general, the attack in this sector was stopped dead in its tracks with heavy casualties. Sturmgruppe 1 had very little success in bringing up its armored support due to the poor road conditions and the weather. On the night of January 3 the offensive in this sector was halted. 0 -O CD i-t c-h o' ? 1. JX O cd o rD 3 cr CD •-t e •-I to o vo Ui Ln The target for the main German thrust was Task Force Hudelson south of Bitche, a weak cavalry screen with little hope of even delaying the onrush of a German infantry corps.

A prerequisite for any new assault would be personnel replacements. 12 Kampfgruppe approaches Wingen-sur-Moder over the hills to the north via the Fischback creek. Battalion head west towards Heideneck while the remainder of the force heads into the town itself. 2 The German forces overwhelm the headquarters of the 1/179th Infantry located in Hotel Wenk. 3 In the afternoon and evening of January 4, elements of the 2/276th Infantry approach Wingen down the main road but are stopped short of D'Hutt.

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