Fire Detection by Roger P. Bennett

By Roger P. Bennett

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In Russia, this software is successively used for many years at the Center of Space Monitoring of the Altay State University. The second type is presented by the well-known program package IMAPP (International MODIS/ AIRS Processing Package). edu / pub / IMAPP/MODIS/). To solve our problem, we chose the IMAPP v. 0 package and adapted it to the operation medium Windows. General scheme (Figure 8) of the designed software for thematic processing of the EOS/MODIS data includes three stages. 1) At the initial stage (levels 0 and 1), the satellite file EOS/MODIS is unpacked with the help of IMAPP program from PDS format to a set of HDF-EOS formats; the geographic assignment of data and calibration of the space measurements are performed.

Atmos. 15: 659-662. 2002. L. Towards a local split window method over land surface. Int. J. Remote Sens. 11, No. 3: 369–393. 1990. , Vidal-Madjar, D. Estimation of land surface temperature with NOAA 9 data. Remote Sens. Environ. 40: No. 1: 27–41. 1992. , Feasibility of land surface temperature and emissivity determination from AVHRR data. Remote Sens. Environ.. 43: No. 1: 67–85. 1993. , Becker, F. Improvements in the split window technique for land surface temperature determination. IEEE Trans.

The power associated with the electric lidar signal is given by the equation [8, 25, 27]. Psig = (Mξ APD Pr ) RL , 2 (16) and the ratio of the signal power to that of noise (signal-to-noise ratio, SNR ) is SNR = Psig Pther + Pamp + Pshot + Pbgnd + Pdark . (17) Substituting Eqs. (6) and (9)-(16) into Eq. (17) and solving the resulting equation with respect to El yields an estimation of the minimum laser pulse energy required for single-shot target detection with some predefined value of SNR El (SNR ) = 2 SNR eFex B cξ APD Arec τ trτ rec β exp (− 2α R ) R2 ⎛ ⎛ 2 k B (T + Ta ) ⎞ ⎞⎟ 2 ⎜⎜ ⎟ × ⎜1 + 1 + + + ξ I i APD bgnd dark ⎟ .

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