By Robert J. Mayhew (auth.)
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Additional info for Enlightenment Geography: The Political Languages of British Geography, 1650–1850
If Heylyn is viewed as a geographer of the Interregnum, the subject of my next chapter, John Ogilby, geographer to Charles II, is a purveyor of geographical knowledge in the era of the Restoration. Ogilby’s road maps, as embodied in his Britiannia (1675), both culminated a career which repeatedly linked geography to the restored monarchy and constituted the benchmark against which road maps were measured for over a century. Britannia, then, amounts to one of the most significant products in the cartographic realm of geographical knowledge which was produced in the ‘long’ eighteenth century.
56 From the early eighteenth century, public lecture courses acted as experimental expositions of the Newtonian cosmology and mixed mathematics which 36 Enlightenment Geography dominated the Royal Society. 57 These courses tended to include a lecture on the shape of the earth, the use of globes and the traditional material of general or mathematical geography. 59 To say geography was ‘wholly’ employed in this manner was provocative, given that the grammar schools and universities taught it in a different manner for a wholly unrelated purpose.
15 There was some change in the definition of chorography over time: Dyche and Pardon noted it related ‘only to the Description of a particular County or Province, wherein natural History, and the particular Incidents of the Place are supposed to be recited’. 17 Geography’s relationship with cosmography, astronomy, chorography and topography helped to determine its nature until the end of the eighteenth century. Clearly, it was restricted to the scale of the earth as a whole, since the earth’s relation to the universe was the province of cosmography, while smaller scales were dealt with by the more detailed enquiries of chorography and topography.