By Slavik Tabakov, Franco Milano, Sven-Erik Strand, Cornelius Lewis, Perry Sprawls
Co-published through the ecu clinical Imaging know-how e-Encyclopaedia for Lifelong studying (EMITEL) consortium and supported via the foreign association for clinical Physics (IOMP), Encyclopaedia of clinical Physics includes approximately 2,800 cross-referenced entries in terms of scientific physics and linked applied sciences. cut up into handy volumes, this all-encompassing reference covers:
- General phrases
- Diagnostic radiology
- Nuclear drugs
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Ultrasound imaging
- Radiation defense
The encyclopaedia positive aspects the paintings of over a hundred individuals who're experts of their respective components. It describes new and present equipment and kit in scientific physics at a degree available to graduate and postgraduate scholars in addition to clinical experts. such a lot articles contain references, additional analyzing, photos, graphs, formulation, and examples.
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Additional resources for Encyclopaedia of Medical Physics
30. For areas of high intensity, such as in the lungs, the beam modulator attenuates more of the beam and reduces the intensity reaching the receptor. The result is a reduced range of exposures reaching the receptor from the different areas of the chest. Ambient lighting (Diagnostic Radiology) The level of ambient lighting or illumination in a room can have an effect on the visibility of contrast in displayed digital images. Some display devices or monitors have photocells which measure the light in the room and change the brightness of the monitor to produce optimum viewing conditions.
Amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) has a lower atomic number than a-Se (Z = 14) which means that the absorption coefficient is much smaller than selenium and consequently a thicker layer would be required for the similar absorption properties making fabrication much more difficult. Polycrystalline photoconductors such as Te and PdI2 have a higher atomic number and have been manufactured in the crystal sizes required. However, their grain boundaries limit charge transportation. Growth of single crystal materials are currently not suitable for flat-panel detectors as they have only been manufactured in diameters of 5–10 cm and are too small for large-area detection.
A. Rowlands. 2000. Properties of a-Se for use in flat panel X-ray image detectors. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 266–269(part 2):1163–1167; Kasap, S. , M. Z. Kabir and J. A. Rowlands. 2006. Recent advances in X-ray photoconductors for direct conversion X-ray image detectors. Curr. Appl. Phys. 6:288–292; Rowlands, J. A. and J. Yorkston. 2000. Flat panel detectors for digital radiography. In: Handbook of Medical Imaging, vol. , J. Beutel, H. L. Kundel and R. L. Van Metter, SPIE Press, Bellingham, WA, pp. 223–313.