Cross-National Research in Self-Reported Crime and by Malcolm W. Klein (auth.), Malcolm W. Klein (eds.)

By Malcolm W. Klein (auth.), Malcolm W. Klein (eds.)

Malcolm W. Klein heart for study on Crime and Social keep an eye on collage of Southern California 1. history In June of 1988, nearly 40 students and researchers met for 4 days within the Leeuwenborst Congres middle in Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, to take part in a workshop entitled Self-Report Metho­ dology in Criminological study. The individuals represented 15 countries and 30 universities and learn facilities, a range that used to be matched by means of the reports and focal pursuits in self-report equipment one of the members. This quantity is the results of the workshop approach and particularly of the invites to contributors to organize pre-conference papers for distribution sooner than the workshop. The chapters within the quantity have been chosen from the bigger set of pre­ convention papers. As workshop conv~ner and quantity editor, it falls on me to set a number of the context for this company. Self-report crime is "admitted" crime, derived from interview and questionnaire responses bought from adults and juveniles (regardless of whether they were arrested) touching on their very own unlawful behaviors. growing to be expertise of the constraints of legit crime information has resulted in the improvement of self-report procedures.

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It is possible that in very deprived and irregular life situations, offenses of the kind measured by self-reports have low salience or are more quickly forgotten. On the other hand, it may be expected that the interview method will yield better results than the simple questionnaire. Hindelang et al. (1981), trying to establish the validity of independent variables such as school performance among different ethnic groups, used an "everyday knowledge" scale as an external standard. They found equally low validity of the independent variables as for the dependent variable for black males.

As was expected, the less knowledge there was of the Dutch language, the lower the validity of responses. Contrary to expectations, there was no relationship between fear of expulsion and low validity. The interesting point here is that validity among SUrinam boys is no different from that among Dutch boys. In this respect it is worthwhile to note that the Surinam population as a whole is far better integrated in Dutch society than the Turkish and Moroccan population; Surinam juveniles speak the Dutch language, have higher SES, and have a higher level of education.

Angenent did not compare delinquent behavior between those without and those with a police record. Moreover, the methodological drawbacks of his study do not permit any firm conclusions in this respect. 4. 2. 33 Junger (1987) also collected both types of data, but on the basis of her findings in the validity study, she decided to use official data Contacts with police and prosecutor and delinquent self-reports (%)5 Only self-report Number of different offenses 1 2 3 4 or > Self-report Recorded police contacts Prosecw:v",.

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