By M. Rozbicki, G. Ndege
This booklet illuminates our figuring out of what occurs while varied cultures meet. Twelve cultural historians discover the mechanism and internal dynamic of such encounters, and exhibit that whereas they typically happen at the wave of world forces and affects, they simply gather which means in the neighborhood, the place tradition inherently is living.
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Additional resources for Cross-Cultural History and the Domestication of Otherness
31. True, Loyola’s father was the scion of an impecunious Old-Christian Basque family. However, his mother came from a wealthy merchant professional family. Her dowry of 1,500 ducados indicates that her father was buying the family some noble respectability. Whether the maternal family was conversos is a moot point; however, given Loyola’s close affiliation with converso merchants and scholars, it is a question worth posing. It is noteworthy that the Jesuits first general was wont to state that he wished he were Jewish, as Jesus himself was a Jew.
It is possible that Erasmus was aware that his following in Spain was predominantly converso, and that this group was utilizing him in its own parallel reform campaign. In a reply to attacks from Spanish scholars on his Enchiridion, Erasmus wrote: “Let Zuñiga and Carranza fling themselves after heretics of another sort, who have already littered the fields of the Lord more than enough. Certain Jews, half-Jews, and quarter-Jews are getting even stronger, pushing their way among us, bearing the name of Christian but carrying all Moses in their souls” (Erasmus and the Jews, 77).
Portugal, unlike Spain, would keep substantially all its Jews as Christian converts, rather than lose them to emigration, but their religious and social status was no easier. Indeed, contemporaries across the Iberian Peninsula tended to see their new coreligionists as suspect. Some saw them as maltreated, genuine converts; others saw in them an insidious fifth column, undermining Christian salvation for the community from within. 6 Yet all these views shared a reified, essentialized notion of how individuals practiced their faith, an idea perpetuated by the continued presence of Portuguese NewChristian traders throughout the Iberian Peninsula and across the Mediterranean.