Computed Tomography Principles, Design, Artifacts, and by Jiang Hsieh

By Jiang Hsieh

Six years after its first variation, Computed Tomography: rules, layout, Artifacts, and up to date Advances, moment Edition offers and up-to-date assessment of the evolution of CT, the mathematical and actual features of the expertise, and the basics of picture reconstruction algorithms. Given the excessive visibility and public wisdom of the effect of x-ray radiation, the second one variation contains a new bankruptcy on x-ray dose and offers varied dose aid ideas starting from sufferer dealing with, optimum facts acquisition, photo reconstruction, and postprocess. in response to the developments during the last six years, the second one variation contains new sections on cone beam reconstruction algorithms, nonconventional helical acquisition and reconstruction, new reconstruction methods, and dual-energy CT. ultimately, new to this version is a suite of difficulties for every bankruptcy, offering possibilities to augment reader comprehension and perform the appliance of lined fabric.

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Uppaluri, “Effect of acquisition parameters on image quality in digital tomosynthesis, Proc. SPIE 6510, 65101L (2007). 9. L. W. Goldman, “Principles of CT and the evolution of CT technology,” in Categorical Course in Diagnostic Radiology Physics: CT and US Crosssectional Imaging, L. W. Goldman and J. B. , Oak Brook, IL (2000). 10. S. Webb, “Historical experiments predating commercially available computed tomography,” British J. of Radiology 65, 835–837 (1992). 11. W. H. Oldendorf, “Isolated flying spot detection of radiodensity discontinuities: displaying the internal structural pattern of a complex object,” IEEE Trans.

1 discussed conventional tomography and the many drawbacks and shortcomings of this technique. However, recently many research and development activities have combined conventional tomography with advanced reconstruction techniques. This technology is called tomosynthesis, as illustrated by a clinical example in Fig. 7. To understand the rationale behind its comeback, list at least three advantages of tomosynthesis over CT. 4 illustrates one limitation of conventional tomography. Pluridirectional tomography was invented to overcome this shortcoming.

19) where x = 0, 1, 2, … . It can be shown that both the mean and the variance of the Poisson distribution equal m. 6 shows examples of the Poisson distribution for m = 10, 20, and 30. This section discusses only a few selected topics with a limited scope on statistics, so interested readers can refer to Refs. 4– 7 for more detailed treatments of the subject. 6 Poisson distributions for m = 10, 20, and 30. 3 Linear algebra An m × n matrix A is a rectangular array of numbers arranged in m rows and n columns:  a11 a A =  21     am1 a12 a22 am 2  a1n   a2 n  .

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