British Broadcasting: Radio and Television in the United by Burton Paulu

By Burton Paulu

British Broadcasting used to be first released in 1956. these drawn to the makes use of and abuses of the airwaves often delight in vigorous debates over the benefits of British broadcasting guidelines and practices in comparison to their American opposite numbers. so much such arguments, even if, are in accordance with scanty wisdom of tangible proof approximately British broadcasting. Now this hole of knowledge is remedied by means of the great survey which Dr. Paulu offers during this e-book. He strains the advance of either radio an tv broadcasting from their inception in Britain to the current and assays the implications. Dr. Paulu did the elemental learn for this quantity as a Fulbright pupil in London in 1953-54, while the recent self reliant tv Authority used to be being debated in Parliament and the British Broadcasting company used to be laying its plans to satisfy pageant. whereas he usually compares British and American practices, the writer believes that broadcasting has to be studied in its personal nationwide atmosphere. He treats the topic, hence, within the British context instead of the yank. He describes the improvement of the BBC as a noncommercial public company with a monopoly of British broadcasting and experiences the criteria that resulted in the emergence of the commercially supported ITA. He areas significant emphasis on application descriptions but in addition discusses viewers reactions, employees and technical amenities, and funds. The booklet bargains necessary facts for college kids and academics in communications classes in addition to for these engaged in radio or tv on each side of the Atlantic.

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Special taxes on receivers were recommended by the Sykes Committee as the principal means of support. 28 In recommending the continuation of this system, the Beveridge Committee in 1951 summarized the principal reasons which had been advanced through the years for license-fee support. Vigorously reject24 The Constitution of the BBC ing commercial broadcasting in the American style, usually taken as the alternative to the British system, the committee majority wrote: "Sponsoring . . puts the control of broadcasting ultimately in the hands of people whose interest is not broadcasting but the selling of some other goods or services or the propagation of particular ideas.

One of these is the practice of canceling, during general election periods, all programs that might in any way influence voter opinion, except for the carefully controlled election broadcasts themselves. Another is its very cautious middle-of-the-road policy in regard to news commentaries. f The accountability of the BBC to Parliament is another concomitant of its status as a public corporation. There may be — and often is — discussion about the BBC on such regular occasions as when Parliament votes money to the corporation or receives its yearly report.

35 Relay Exchanges and Foreign Commercial Broadcasts Interesting insights into the issues of monopoly and commercial broadcasting are provided by the record of the BBC's relations with radio relay exchanges at home and commercial stations abroad. These matters are interrelated, since one of the attractions of the relay exchanges has been their carrying of foreign broadcasts. 36 Radio relay exchanges began to grow up all over Britain in the middle 1920s. These exchanges picked up programs off the air on highgrade receivers or (in later years) received them by direct line from the BBC.

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