Biofuels from Algae by Ashok Pandey, Duu-Jong Lee, Yusuf Chisti, Carlos R. Soccol

By Ashok Pandey, Duu-Jong Lee, Yusuf Chisti, Carlos R. Soccol

This e-book offers in-depth info on simple and utilized features of biofuels creation from algae. It starts off with an creation to the subject, and follows with the fundamental clinical facets of algal cultivation and its use for biofuels creation, resembling photograph bioreactor engineering for microalgae construction, open tradition platforms for biomass construction and the economics of biomass construction. It offers cutting-edge details on man made biology methods for algae compatible for biofuels construction, through algal biomass harvesting, algal oils as fuels, biohydrogen construction from algae, formation/production of co-products, and extra. The booklet additionally covers issues resembling metabolic engineering and molecular biology for algae for gas construction, lifestyles cycle evaluation and scale-up and commercialization. it really is hugely worthy and permits you to plan new learn and layout new economically achievable approaches for the construction of unpolluted fuels from algae.

  • Covers in a complete yet concise approach lots of the algae biomass conversion applied sciences at present available
  • Lists the entire items made from algae, i.e. biohydrogen, gas oils, etc., their homes and strength uses
  • Includes the economics of some of the procedures and the required steps for scaling them up

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2008. Phototrophic hydrogen production in photobioreactors coupled with solar-energy-excited optical fibers. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 33, 6878–6885. , 2004. Evaluation of Spirulina sp. growth in photoautotrophic, heterotrophic and mixotrophic cultures. Enzyme Microb. Technol 34, 461–465. , 2006. Effects of salinity on beta-carotene production by Dunaliella tertiolecta DCCBC26 isolated from the Urmia salt lake, north of Iran. Bioresour. Technol. 97, 2453–2456. , 1996. Influence of high frequency light/dark fluctuations on photosynthetic characteristics of microalgae photoacclimated to different light intensities and implications for mass algal cultivation.

Standard industrial fermentation equipment. S. Navy. S. Department of Defense for production of up to 550,000 additional Continued 2. DESIGN OF PHOTOBIOREACTORS FOR ALGAL CULTIVATION two commercial flights (Continental and JAL airlines) and a crosscountry road trip (Algaeus). 3 The Comparison of Five Leading Microalgae-Based Biofuel Companies—Cont’d Company Name Founded Time Location Biofuel Type Technology Cultivation Equipments Market Solix BioSystems 2006 Colorado, USA Biodiesel Photobioreactor system includes Solix’s proprietary Lumian panels, Solix Lumian™ Algae Growth System (AGS™).

5 pH The pH is also an important environmental parameter for microalgae growth and targetproduct formation. , 2011). The pH of the culture medium normally affects the biochemical reaction characteristics of microalgae. It is crucial to maintain culture pH in the optimal range because complete culture collapse may occur due to the disruption of cellular processes by extreme pH. Meanwhile, the feeding of CO2 obviously affects the culture pH as well as microalgae growth. When the CO2 from the gas phase (molecular CO2) is transferred intothe culture medium, some of the CO2 gas will dissolve and become soluble phase (HCOÀ 3 ), and the conversion of CO2 to HCOÀ 3 is greatly dependent on the pH value in the culture.

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