By Worldwatch Institute
The area is at the verge of an exceptional raise within the creation and use of biofuels for shipping. the combo of emerging oil costs, problems with protection, weather instability and pollutants, deepening poverty in rural and agricultural components, and a number of enhanced applied sciences, is propelling governments to enact strong incentives for using those fuels, that is in flip sparking funding. Biofuels for shipping is a special and complete overview of the possibilities and dangers of the large-scale creation of biofuels. The publication demystifies complicated questions and issues, comparable to the �food v. gas� debate. worldwide in scope, it's extra proficient by means of 5 kingdom reports from Brazil, China, Germany, India and Tanzania. The authors finish that biofuels will play an important position in our strength destiny, yet warn that the large-scale use of biofuels consists of hazards that require centred and quick coverage tasks. released in organization with BMELV, FNR and GTZ.
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Additional info for Biofuels for Transport: Global Potential and Implications for Sustainable Energy and Agriculture
Ethanol is currently produced from sugar or starch crops, while biodiesel is produced from vegetable oils or animal fats. The growth in the use of biofuels has been facilitated by their ability to be used as blends with conventional fuels in existing vehicles, where ethanol is blended with gasoline and biodiesel is blended with conventional diesel fuel. 2 Most of the world’s biodiesel, meanwhile, is used for transportation fuel, though some is used for home heating. 6 per cent by transport distance travelled.
19 The remainder of ethanol production comes primarily from the EU, where Spain, Sweden, France and Germany are the big producers, using mainly cereals and sugar beets. 0 CURRENT STATUS OF THE BIOFUEL INDUSTRY AND MARKETS 7 a large amount of ethanol destined mostly for industrial use. 20 In 2005, many new ethanol production facilities began operating, were under construction or were in the planning stage. 23 Germany accounted for 40 per cent of this production, with the US, France and Italy generating most of the rest.
Conventionally produced biofuels, especially ethanol, have become signiﬁcantly cheaper as the industries in Brazil and the US have developed. 28 But still, feedstock remains the primary determinant of the cost and the primary limitation of the potential fuel supply. The variety of current feedstocks is discussed in more detail in Chapter 3. 3 First-Generation Feedstocks INTRODUCTION The various biomass feedstocks used for producing biofuels can be grouped into two basic categories: the currently available ‘ﬁrst-generation’ feedstocks, which are harvested for their sugar, starch and oil content and can be converted into liquid fuels using conventional technology, and the ‘next-generation’ feedstocks, which are harvested for their total biomass and whose ﬁbres can only be converted into liquid biofuels by advanced technical processes.