Biofouling and Biocorrosion in Industrial Water Systems: by Hans-Curt Flemming (auth.), Dr. Hans-Curt Flemming, Dr. Gill

By Hans-Curt Flemming (auth.), Dr. Hans-Curt Flemming, Dr. Gill Gregory Geesey (eds.)

Microbial development and illness ("Biofouling") in water structures represents an important danger to the standard of waters produced for the microelectronic, pharmaceutical, petroleum, paper, foodstuff and different production industries. Biofouling can result in biologically caused corrosion ("Biocorrosion"), that can reason serious harm to the apparatus. either biofouling and biocorrosion are often now not famous in time, underestimated, or associated with the incorrect explanations. The e-book represents a brand new technique by means of introducing biofilm homes and dynamics as easy ideas of biofouling and biocorrosion, hence supplying a greater realizing and the technique of struggling with the undesired results of biofilms. The most vital beneficial properties are: Case histories of biofouling in water treatment.- Detection and tracking of biofouling.- opposite osmosis membrane biofouling.- Biocide efficacy and biofouling control.- Plant layout issues for combating biofouling.- Case histories of biocorrosion.- Detection, tracking, keep an eye on and prevention of biocorrosion.- basics of biofouling and biocorrosion mechanisms.

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Extra info for Biofouling and Biocorrosion in Industrial Water Systems: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Industrial Biofouling and Biocorrosion, Stuttgart, September 13–14, 1990

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In: KC Marshall (ed) Advanees in Microbial Ecology. Vol. 9, Plenum Press New York; 99147 50 HamiIton WA (1985) Sulphate-reducing baeteria and anaerobic eorrosion. Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 39, 195-217 51 Costertan JW, Cheng K-J, Geesey GG, Ladd Tr, Nickel JC, Dasgupta M (1987) Bacterial biofilms in nature and disease. Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 41, 435- 464 52 Owens NF, Gingell D, Rutter PR (1987) Inhibition of eelI adhesion by a synthetic polymer adsorbed to glass shown un der defined hydrodynamic stress.

Copiotrophic bacteria, that require relatively high nutrient fluxes for cell growth and reproduction, are found in quite large numbers in most oligotrophic habitats. What are copiotrophic bacteria doing in such habitats and how do they maintain these numbers over long time periods? Even when organic substrates appear in oligotrophic habitats, as aresult of autolysis or other forms of breakdown of living organisms, Dr as aresult of upwelling processes in ocean environments, the copiotrophic bacteria will rapidly utilize these substrates and reestablish the oligotrophic environment.

G. a few years of the operation time of a plant), this biofilm will grow and provide nutrients for more demanding eelIs which pass the filters and can attach to the biofilm, feeding on the dead oligotrophic "pioneers". Thus, it is possible to find microorganisms in high purity water systems, which need relatively high concentrations of organic carbon. This ean be explained by the local accumulation of scavenged nutrients from the bulk liquid. Thus, even water with very low concentration of nutrients may provide a nutrientsaturated environment for growth and reproduction in the biofilm if its volumetric flow rate is high (8).

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