Approaches to Plant Evolutionary Ecology by G.P. Cheplick

By G.P. Cheplick

Plant evolutionary ecology is a speedily turning out to be self-discipline which emphasizes that populations adapt and evolve no longer in isolation, yet relating to different species and abiotic environmental positive factors comparable to weather. even though it departs from conventional evolutionary and ecological fields of research, the sphere is hooked up to branches of ecology, genetics, botany, conservation, and to a couple of different fields of utilized technological know-how, essentially via shared techniques and strategies. besides the fact that, such a lot books relating to evolutionary ecology concentrate on animals, making a tremendous desire for scholarly literature with an emphasis on vegetation.

Approaches to Plant Evolutionary Ecology is the 1st ebook to particularly discover the evolutionary features of vegetation, filling the aforementioned hole within the literature on evolutionary ecology. popular plant ecologist Gregory P. Cheplick summarizes and synthesizes a lot of the first literature concerning evolutionary ecology, delivering a ancient context for the learn of plant populations from an evolutionary viewpoint. The ebook additionally presents summaries of either conventional (common gardens, reciprocal transplants) and glossy (molecular genetic) ways used to deal with questions about plant variation to a various team of abiotic and biotic elements. Cheplick offers a rigorously-written creation to the speedily starting to be box of plant evolutionary ecology that may entice undergraduate and graduate scholars with an curiosity in ecology and evolution, in addition to educators who're instructing classes on comparable topics.

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1990) Rice et al. (1990) Faeth (2009) exposed to two or more environments, then the three-way interaction of host genotype × infection status × environment may be of interest (Cheplick 1997; Cheplick et al. 2000; Morse et al. 2007). 2 Allelic, Genot ypic, and Phenot ypic Selection Because selection causes microevolution at the molecular level by changing allele frequencies in the gene pool (Fig. 1) and by changing the frequency distribution of quantitative trait values in the phenotype pool (Fig.

Path analysis was developed some time ago by Sewall Wright (1921, 1934; see Shipley [2000] and Matsueda [2012] for historical details). , Dewey & Lu 1959; Gravois & Helms 1992; del Moral et al. 2003; and many more). However, it is only relatively recently that evolutionary ecologists have used path analysis to depict the relative importance of measured phenotypic traits to fitness in wild plants. An early example is provided by Maddox and Antonovics (1983), who measured leaf area at multiple times during the development of two species of Plantago in a growth chamber, and related these measurements to the reproductive components of fitness using a series of linear structural equations.

001). Insignificant paths are denoted by a thin dashed line. (A) Model specifying the relationships of leaf size, water use efficiency, and vegetative mass to the relative fitness of Cakile edentula in an experimental population planted in a dry, beach environment at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore (Dudley 1996). (B) Model for the effects of herbivore damage to leaves, stem density, and stem size (= length) on fruit production (per stem) of the perennial herb Solanum carolinense in 2008 at a site in Vancouver, Canada (Underwood & Halpern 2012).

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