By Yuri Bregel
Read or Download An Historical Atlas of Central Asia PDF
Similar historical study & educational resources books
Jane Adams makes a speciality of the transformation of rural lifestyles in Union County, Illinois, as she explores the ways that American farming has been skilled and understood within the 20th century. Reconstructing the histories of 7 farms, she locations the main points of lifestyle in the context of political and monetary swap.
E-book by means of Goodman, James Marion
Whereas the belief of human rights and humanitarian counsel has old roots―evidence might be noticeable in such examples because the Ten Commandments, the Bhagavad Gita, and the lessons of Confucius and Socrates―it wasn't until eventually the 1800s that the 1st smooth humanitarian and human rights firms got here to be.
During the last two decades the magazine of historic Sociology has redefined what old sociology may be. those essays via across the world exotic historians, sociologists, anthropologists and geographers collect the superior of the JHS. quantity 1 specializes in the British nation, quantity 2 at the journal’s wider interdisciplinary demanding situations.
- A Social History of Ancient Ireland
- Tales of a Cultural Conduit and The Nervous Set
- In a Hungry Country: Essays by Simon Paneak
- Language Visible: Unraveling the Mystery of the Alphabet from A to Z
Additional info for An Historical Atlas of Central Asia
Layth, a son of a coppersmith, having gathered under his command numerous armed followers, drove out the governor of Sistan (the south-eastern province of Iran) who was subordinate to the Tahirids, and in 873 captured Nishapur, the capital of Khorasan, thus putting an end to the Tahirid rule. During the next six years Ya#qub conquered the southern provinces of Iran and threatened the caliph’s capital itself. His brother, #Amr, succeeded him in 879. He recognized the authority of the caliph, and the latter “appointed” him as governor of Khorasan in 892, but, in reality, he was an independent ruler.
Beginning in the reign of the caliph al-Mu#tasim (833-842), Turkic slaves brought from Central Asia were used in the guard of the caliph, and soon these slaves, called ghulams, became the nucleus of the army. Turkic slaves were brought to the Islamic lands from the steppes of Central Asia either after being captured in wars with the heathen Turkic neighbors of the caliphate or after being bought by Muslim slave traders. Since the Samanid state was the immediate neighbor of the Central Asian steppes, it had full control of the supply of slaves to the other areas of the caliphate and profited from it.
All these vassals sent only annual presents to the Samanid court, but paid no taxes. The largest province of the Samanid state was Khorasan, with its center in Nishapur, whose governor was also the commander-in-chief (sipahsalar) of the Samanid army. In the 940s and 950s Abu #Ali Chaghani (from the Al-i Muhtaj dynasty) was the governor of Khorasan and was close to establishing his independent rule there. Later, it was the commanders of Turkic slave troops who held this governorship, often hardly recognizing central authority; in 991 such a commander, Abu #Ali Simjuri, appropriated all state revenues from Khorasan.