Alternative Energy in the Middle East by Gawdat Bahgat (auth.)

By Gawdat Bahgat (auth.)

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31 These plants will use cutting-edge design, combining a large array of parabolic mirror collectors concentrating sun energy and boosting the steam output needed to produce electricity. 32 According to Amina Benkhadra, Minister of Energy, Mining, Water, and Environment, the production capacity represents 38 per cent of the installed power by late 2008 and 14 per cent of the electric power by 2020. The project will significantly contribute to the government’s efforts to reduce pollution. 33 The funding for this huge project is based on public-private partnership (PPP).

18 Finally, Morocco joined several international initiatives and organizations to ensure the safety of nuclear reactors and materials and to combat nuclear terrorism. Renewable energy Morocco’s pursuit of nuclear power will take some time and, like other sources of energy, nuclear power is not a panacea. Rather, issues such as fuel cycle and nuclear waste (among others) need to be addressed. At the same time Rabat lacks indigenous hydrocarbon reserves and the high consumption of imported oil and coal has significant environmental impact in terms of greenhouse gas emissions.

In recent decades one of Europe’s most serious challenges has been how to respond to the increasing demand for energy without harming the environment. Generally, Europe enjoys one of the highest standards of living, which also means high energy consumption. Meanwhile, with few exceptions, most European countries lack indigenous energy deposits. For decades, Europe has been heavily dependent on imported fossil fuels. With the growing concern about climate change and protecting the environment, the Europeans have sought to diversify their energy mix.

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