Accident Proneness: Research in the Occurrence, Causation, by Lynette Shaw

By Lynette Shaw

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Extra resources for Accident Proneness: Research in the Occurrence, Causation, and Prevention of Road Accidents

Sample text

In summing up her report, Newbold said that she felt that mass accident statistics could serve a very useful purpose in pinpointing the sources of trouble in individual factories. She also submitted a very practical suggestion. Presenting tables as a guide to assessing the situation, she suggested that if a high accident rate was found in a department where the accidents were distributed among the workers in a normal chance distribution, this would indicate that the work itself must be unduly dangerous.

E. the predictions of future accident involvement made on the basis of the tests were later borne out in practice, then a study like this would provide very strong evidence of the validity and the usefulness of the concept of accident proneness. For it would be impossible to predict future accident involvement with any accuracy, especially the degree of future accident involvement over a period of time, unless there were indeed valid and lasting differences between people's susceptibility to accidents.

In nearly every case the best statistical "fit" was obtained with the theoretical model, the negative binomial model, calculated on an assumption of unequal initial liability. To confirm that this was the most likely explanation for the differing accident rates, Greenwood et al. carried out a series of further investigations, chief of which was the correlation of the accidents incurred by the same individuals in successive time periods. In two small groups of women workers, engaged on heavy lathe operation and profiling, the authors were able to obtain accident information over two successive three-month periods.

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