A Primer of Botanical Latin with Vocabulary by Emma Short

By Emma Short

Latin is one among applicable languages for describing new crops, and taxonomists has to be in a position to translate past texts in Latin. offering an easy clarification of Latin grammar besides an in-depth vocabulary, this can be an critical advisor for systematic botanists around the world. All suitable elements of speech are mentioned, with accompanying examples in addition to labored routines for translating diagnoses and outlines to and from Latin. guidance for forming particular epithets also are integrated. The authors cross-reference their grammar to Stearn's Botanical Latin and to articles within the overseas Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and crops. the excellent vocabulary is better with phrases from contemporary glossaries for non-flowering crops - lichens, mosses, algae, fungi and ferns - making this an incredible source for a person seeking to hone their knowing of Latin grammar and to translate botanical texts from the earlier three hundred years.

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Commonly used are the personal pronoun is (it); the demonstrative ones hic (this, these) and ille (that, those); the possessive one suus (its, their); the relative one quod (which); and the definitive one idem (the same). Two pronoun-like words (called pronoun-adjectives or determiners) are alius and alter. The first means ‘another’ or ‘other’ and is used when more than two items are being discussed. It is also used when contrasting items: ‘one …, the other …’, plural ‘some …, others …’. aliae plantae prostratae, aliae erectae some plants prostrate, others erect The second is used when just two items are under discussion: stamina 2, inaequalia, alterum 5 mm longum, alterum 10 mm longum stamens 2, unequal, one 5 mm long, the other 10 mm long A pronoun takes the same number and gender of the noun that it is replacing or referring to, but its case comes from the context in which it is used.

These are masculine. ) a flower Case Singular Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative Ablative flos florem floris flori flore the/a flower (subject) the/a flower (object) of a flower to/for a flower by/with/from a flower Plural flores flores florum floribus floribus the flowers (subject) the flowers (object) of the flowers to/for the flowers by/with/from the flowers Nouns ending in -s after a consonant (usually ‘b’, ‘m’, ‘n’, ‘p’ or ‘r’) The stem is formed by replacing the ‘s’ of the nominative singular with ‘t’ or ‘d’.

5 Title Name: SHORTandGEORGE Date:20/10/12 Time:18:38:42 Page Number: 38 5 The conjunction (Stearn pp. 128–129) A conjunction is a word used to connect words, phrases, clauses and sentences. Those most commonly used are ‘and’ (et, atque), ‘or’ (ant, vel) and ‘but’ (sed). Some may be used in pairs, but in Latin the same word is repeated; these we have ‘both … and’ (et … et), ‘either … or’ (vel … vel), ‘neither … nor’ (nec … nec). g. ‘and also’ (atque, ac), ‘or if ’, ‘or else’ (seu, sive), ‘so that’ (ut).

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